• Properties of Materials
    • School of Materials Science & Engineering
    • Credit. 3
    • MT322
    • Enroll
    • CURRENT
    • Spring , 2015
    • 782
    • Course Description:
    • ( Exchange Programme )
    • The properties of materials are the responses of materials to external fields, which can be a stress field, a temperature/thermal field, an electric field, a magnetic field, or any combination of them. The response of a material to a specific external field has its distinct characteristics, yet different responses correlate with each other, enabling various functional materials. This course covers the fundamental concepts that describe/determine the mechanical, thermal, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties of various materials. The roles of composition, bonding, and structure (crystalline, defects, and microstructure) in controlling and influencing the properties as well as the methods to measure/evaluate the various properties are discussed. The correlation between different properties will also be explored.
    • Course Syllabus:
    • COURSE TOPICS
      Level of proficiency requirement:
      A Fully understand the related concept, physical nature, theory, and measuring/analyzing methods; be able to solve practical problems.
      B Have deep understanding on the related concept, physical nature, theory, and measuring/analyzing methods ; can solve related problems.
      C Know the related concept, physical nature, theory, and measuring/analyzing methods.
      Section 1: Introduction
      Basic concepts and the classifications of the properties of materials (B); overview on their characterizing methods (B), microscopic nature (B), and influencing factors (B).
      Section 2: Conventional mechanical properties of materials
      Uniaxial tensile tests (A), stress-strain curves (A), basic property parameters on tensile tests (A); stress state and stress state coefficient (B), transformation of axis (B), plane stress and plane strain (A), Poisson’s ratio (A); compression tests and related parameters (B), effect of friction on compression tests (C); bending tests (B); torsion tests (B); simple shear tests (C); Brinell hardness tests (A), Rockwell hardness tests (B), Vickers hardness tests (A), Micro-hardness tests (C), nano-indentation (C); Notch effects: stress concentration (B), 2D/3D stress state (B), notch intensification (C); Charpy/Izod notch impact tests (B), ductile-to-brittle transition temperature (B).
      Section 3: deformation
      Elasticity and (generalized) Hooke’s law (A), elastic coefficients (B), microstructure nature of elastic deformation (B), anisotropy in elasticity (B), elasticity for isotropic materials (A), affecting factors (B), pseudo-elasticity (C); Viscoelasticity (B), loss tangent (A), rheological models (C), time-temperature equivalence (C); plastic deformation: features (A), mechanisms (B), role of dislocations (B), yield criteria (C), hardening mechanisms in metals (B).
      Section 4: Fracture
      Fracture modes and fracture appearance (B), fracture strength (A), fracture mechanism (diagram ) (C), theoretical strength (B), Griffith theory (A); ductile fracture (B), brittle fracture (B), ductile-brittle transition (B); fracture toughness (A), fracture tests (B), toughening of materials (C).

      Section 5: Fatigue
      Alternating stress (B), fatigue failure (B), surface appearance (C); S-N curves (A), fatigue limit (B), effect of mean stress (B), the Palmgren-Miner rule (C); notch effect on fatigue (B); strain to failure (B), crack nucleation (B), crack propagation (B); contact fatigue (C), impact fatigue (C), fretting fatigue (C), multiaxial fatigue (C); fatigue design (C).
      Section 6: Creep
      Creep: nature (B); creep curve (B); creep rupture strength (B), time-temperature equivalence (A); stress relaxation (B); creep mechanisms (B); creep design (A).
      Section 7: Mechanical properties under various environments
      Loading rate (B); stress and strain propagation under high loading rate (C), deformation under high loading rate (C), fracture under high loading rate (C), dynamic fracture toughness (C); stress corrosion cracking (B), hydrogen embrittlement (C), liquid metal induced cracking (C); wear and lubrication (C), wear mechanism (B), wear testing (C), wear prevention (B).
      Section 8: Thermal properties
      Heat capacity: definition (A), classic and quantum theories (B), measurement (B); thermal expansion: characterization (A), nature (B), influencing factors (C), and measurement (B); thermal conductivity: definition (B), characterization (B), classic and quantum approaches (C); thermal conduction in dielectric materials (C); thermal analysis: principles (B), methods (B), and applications (C).
      Section 9: Magnetic properties
      Magnetic properties: concept (B), classification (A), nature (B), measurements (B); ferromagnetic properties: magnetization curve (A), magnetic hysteresis (B), magnetic anisotropy (B), magnetostriction (B), dynamic magnetizing (C); magnetic domains (A) and technical magnetization (A); Curie temperature (B), effect of stress (C), magnetic annealing (C); application of magnetic analysis (C).
      Section 10: Electrical properties
      Electrical conductivity: concept (A), nature (B), measurement (B); conductivity of metals (A), ionic solids (B) and polymers (C); superconductivity (B); measurement of electrical resistance and its application in materials research (B).
      Dielectricity: concept (A), nature (B), and measurement (B); dielectric loss (B), dielectric strength (C).
      Thermal electricity (B), pyroelectricity (B), piezoelectricity (B), ferroeletricity (C), photoelectricity (C); application of these coupling effects (C).
      Section 11: Optical properties
      Nature of light: wave-particle duality (A); interaction between light and matter (B); light transmission in solids: deflection (B), reflectivity (C), absorption (B), scattering (C), and transmission (C); Light emission (B) and laser (C); optoelectric coupling (C), magneto-optical effect (B), photoelastic effect (C), acousto-optic effect (C).
    • Schedule:
    • Course Schedule for Properties of Materials

      Code: MT322
      Semester: Spring 2015
      Venue: Dongshang 1-104
      Index Content Hours Date Lecturer
      1 Introduction; uniaxial static tensile tests 2 3.4 Kong
      2 Stress state; compression, bending, and torsion tests 2 3.6 Kong
      3 Hardness 2 3.11 Wu
      4 Elastic deformation and elasticity 2 3.18 Wu
      5 Non-ideal elasticity 2 3.20 Wu
      6 Plastic deformation: ideal strength 2 3.25 Wu
      7 Plastic deformation: effect of defects 2 4.1 Wu
      8 Strengthening methods for materials 2 4.3 Wu
      9 Fracture mechanics: ideal strength and notch effects 2 4.8 Wu
      10 Fracture toughness 2 4.15 Wu
      11 Fatigue: characterization and measurment 2 4.17 Kong
      12 Fatigue: mechanism and countermeasures 2 4.22 Kong
      13 Creep 2 4.29 Kong
      14 Environment effects: SCC, HIC, LMB 2 5.6 Kong
      15 Friction and wear 2 5.13 Kong
      16 Thermal properties 2 5.15 Deng
      17 Thermal analysis 2 5.20 Deng
      18 Magnetic properties: nature and ferromagnetic properties 2 5.27 Deng
      19 Magnetic properties: influencing factors 2 5.29 Deng
      20 Electrical properties: conductivity 2 6.3 Deng
      21 Electrical properties: dielectric properties and coupling effects 2 6.10 Deng
      22 Optical properties: absorption, conduction, and laser 2 6.12 Deng
      23 Optical properties: Coupling effects 2 6.17 Deng
      24 Final exam


      Course Website: http://cc.sjtu.edu.cn/MT322En.html
  • Reading list
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    • Lingti Kong
    • Associate Professor
    • Read more
    • Male
    • E-mail:
    • konglt@sjtu.edu.cn
    • Profile
    • Prof. Kong received his Ph. D from Tsinghua Universiy in 2005, after that he worked as post-doctorate fellow at the University of Montreal, and then the University of Western Ontario. He joined Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 2009.

      His current research focuses on computational and theoretical investigations of the structure and mechanical properties of non-equilibrium materials, as well as the interfacial structure and interfacial behavior of solid-melt interfaces, by using molecular dynamics simulations and/or first principles calculations. These investigations facilitate the understanding of the underlying physics of these materials.
    • Wu Yating
    • Associate Professor
    • Read more
    • Female
    • E-mail:
    • tosunbear@sjtu.edu.cn
    • Profile
    • Dr. Yating Wu obtained her Ph.D degree at Shanghai Jiao Tong University and became a faculty at the School of Materials Science and Engineering of SJTU. She spent one year doing research in Stuttgart University, Germany and in the University of New Hampshire as a visiting scholar in 2008 and 2013 respectively. She is currently an associate professor at SMSE.Her research focus is on the surface modification by electroless plating and electrodeposition, which is closely related to the properties of wear resistance, self-lubricating frication and in-situ liquid lubrication. In recent two years, she began to focus on the preparation and applications of metal oxides, such as cuprous oxide, tin oxide and other oxides by anodization. Up to now, she has published nearly 30 papers in peer-reviewed journals and she also holds 5 patents. Her work, the design, preparation and applications of composite coatings containing SiC and/or PTFE particles by electroless plating, as a main part, was awarded
    • Deng Tao
    • Professor
    • Read more
    • Male
    • E-mail:
    • dengtao@sjtu.edu.cn
    • Profile
    • Dr. Tao Deng is the “Zhi Yuan” Professor in the School of Materials Science and Engineering at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. He is also the central government’s “Thousand Talents” Program Professor in China. In 1996, Dr. Deng graduated from Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Science and Technology of China with a B.S. in Materials Chemistry. From 1996-2001, Dr. Deng studied unconventional micro/nano fabrication process and system at the Department of Chemistry in Harvard University. After obtaining his Ph.D degree from Harvard University, he joined MIT as a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, with research focusing on micro/nano photonics. In 2003, he joined General Electric (GE)’s Global Research Center at Niskayuna, New York as a research scientist. Dr. Deng served as senior scientist and principal investigator for several GE’s internal and external programs before he moved to Shanghai Jiao Tong University in
  • Prerequisite Course:

    Mechanics of Materials, College Physics, Solid State Physics, Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering

  • Textbooks:

    Check: http://cc.sjtu.edu.cn/G2S/Template/View.aspx?courseId=7545&topMenuId=121302&action=view&type=&name=&menuType=1
  • Grading:

    20% Assignments
    30% Quizzes
    50% final exam
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